2004年3月公共英语三级考试真题及答案 外语频道

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  • 来源:湖北工业大学教学管理平台_哈尔滨理工大学教务处_湖北大学教务处
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  Text 2   Nearly all “speed reading” courses have a “pacing” element--some timing device which lets the student know how many words a minute he is reading. You can do this simply by looking at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes and noting down the page number you have reached. Check the average number of words per page for the particular book you are reading. How do you know when 5 minutes has passed on your watch if you are busy reading the book? Well, this is difficult at first. A friend can help by timing you over a set period, or you can read within hearing distance of a pub-lic clock which strikes the quarter hours. Pace yourself every three or four days, always with the same kind of easy, general interest books. You should soon notice your accustomed w. p.m. rate creeping up.   Obviously there is little point in increasing your w. p. m. rate if you do not understand what you are reading. When you are consciously trying to increase your reading speed, stop after every chapter ( if you are reading a novel) or every section or group of ten or twelve pages ( if it is a text-book) and ask yourself a few questions about what you have been reading. If you find you have lost the thread of the story, or you cannot remember clearly the details of what was said, reread the section or chapter.   You can also try “lightning speed” exercise from time to time. Take four or five pages of the general interest book you happen to be reading and read them as fast as you possibly can. Do not bother about whether you understand or not. Now go back and read them at what you feel to be your "normal" w. p. m. rate, the rate at which you can comfortably understand. After a ‘lightning speed' reading through (probably 600 w. p. m. ) you will usually find that your “normal” speed has increased-perhaps. by as much as 50-100 w. p.m. This is the technique sportsmen use when they usually run further in training than they will have to on the day of the big race.   51. According to the passage, a “pacing” device_________.   [ A ]is used to time student' s reading speed   [ B ]is. not used in most, speed reading courses   [ C ] is used as .an aid to vocabulary learning   [ D ] should be used whenever we read alone   52. In speed reading, looking at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes_________.   [ A ] avoids the need for reading faster   [ B ] is not the same as pacing   [ C ] may seem unworkable at first   [ D ] helps you to remember your page number   53. When you are reading a novel, you should check your understanding of the content after_______.   [ A ] every chapter   [ B ] every section   [ C ] every four or five pages   [ D ] every ten or twelve pages   54. The purpose of the “lightning speed” exercise is to_________.   [ A ] increase your speed by scanning the text first   [ B ] test your maximum reading speed   [ C ] help you understand more of the content of the book   [ D ] enable you to win reading races against your friends   55. The best title for this passage would be_________.   [ A ] Hints for Successful Reading   [ B ] Hints for Speed Reading   [ C ] Effective Reading   [ D ] Lightning Speed Exercises   Text 3   There is one difference between the sexes on which virtually every expert and study agree: men are more aggressive than women. It shows up in 2-year-olds. It continues through school days and persists into adulthood. It is even constant across cultures. And there is little doubt that it is rooted in biology in the male sex hormone testosterone.   If there's a feminine trait that's the counterpart of male aggressiveness, it's what social scien-tists awkwardly refer to as "nurturance". Feminists have argued that the nurturing nature of women is not biological in origin, but rather has been drummed into women by a society that wanted to keep them in the home. But the signs that it is at least partly inborn are too numerous to ignore. Just as tiny infant girls respond more readily to human faces, female toddlers learn much faster than males how to pick up nonverbal cues from others. And grown women are far more adept than men at interpreting facial expressions: A recent study by University of Pennsylvania brain researcher Ru-ben Gur showed that they easily read emotions such as anger, sadness and fear. The only such e-motion men could pick up was disgust.   What difference do such differences make in the real world? Among other things, women appear to be somewhat less competitive--or at least competitive in different ways--than men. At the Harvard Law School, for instance, female students enter with credentials just as outstanding as those of their male peers. But they don' t qualify for the prestigious Law Review in proportionate numbers, a fact some school officials attribute to women' s discomfort in the incredibly competitive atmosphere.   Students of management styles have found fewer differences than they expected between men and women who reach leadership positions, perhaps because many successful women deliberately imitate masculine ways. But an analysis by Purdue social psychologist Alice Eagly of 166 studies of leadership style did find one consistent difference: Men tend to be more “autocratic”-making decisions on their own--while women tend to consult colleagues and subordinates more often. Studies of behavior in small groups turn up even more differences. Men will typically domi-nate the discussion, says University of Toronto psychologist Kenneth Dion, spending more time talking and less time listening.   56. The passage mainly discusses__________.   [ A ] how sex differences are demonstrated in social relations   [ B ] how hormone determines sex differences   [ C ] why there are differences between males and females   [ D ] why men and women have different social roles   57. Which of the following is true of women's nurturing nature according to the passage?   [ A ] It is not inborn in any sense.   [ B ] It is inspired by women' s families.   [ C ] It is caused by social prejudice.   [ D ] It is partly biological in origin.   58. The Harvard Law School example in paragraph 3 suggests that_________.   [ A ] women are not as competitive as men   [ B ] law is not the fight profession for women   [ C ] women are as excellent as men when they are young   [ D ] academic credentials are disproportionate to performance   59. Which of the following statement is tree according to paragraph 4?   [ A ] Men leaders should consult colleagues and subordinates more often.   [ B ] Female leaders' success is due to their imitating male leaders.   [ C ] Men and women are different in their leadership style.   [ D ] Decisiveness is an important quality for a successful politician.   60. It can be inferred from the passage that the writer_________.   [ A ] denies the difference sexes make in real life   [ B ] is prejudiced against men   [ C ] discourages women to be competitive   [ D ] treats sex difference objectively   Part B   Directions:   Read the texts from an article in which five people talked about energy and making use of it. For questions 61 to 65, match the name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to G) given below. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET 1.   Jackson:   Viewed from a scientist's standpoint, all of the energy contained in fuel either now or in the future becomes heat. Some of the heat is used directly or produces useful work. The rest is lost or rejected. That is to say, it is radiated into the atmosphere from the engines, motors, furnaces, power lines, television sets, boilers and all the other energy-consuming machinery that makes our wheels go around.   Browning:   It is necessary to improve the efficiency with. which we use energy in order to do more work. But improvement cannot come overnight, and there are limits beyond which not even science can help. According to the Center for Strategic and International studies, about three quarters of the energy we use to move things, including ourselves, accomplishes no useful work.   Jeffrey:   In terms of efficiency, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation may be using en-ergy more efficiently than private automobiles. Unless private automobiles can operate at near capacity, their overall efficiency is poor. For example, an urban bus carrying 36 passengers may achieve an efficiency of around 120 passenger-miles per gallon of gasoline. But buses are not al-ways fully loaded, and sometimes they carry no passengers at all.   Vandenberg:   It is true that buses can sometimes run without passengers. City trains seem to be very effi-cient, but they suffer the same shortcomings as buses and cost more. Except for rush hours, com-muter trains seldom run at full capacity. This wastes even more energy and is more than the management can afford. As a result, commuter trains are truly practical only in places where there are a lot of people.   Nathan:   For some people, mass transportation may serve their needs. For others, a combination of mass transportation and private transportation may be preferable. Better design and wise use of both mass transportation systems and private vehicles will play an important part in helping us make full-er use of energy for transportation.   Now match each of the persons (61 to 65) to the appropriate statement.   Note: there are two extra statements.   Statements   61. Jackson   62. Browning   63. Jeffrey 64. Vandenberg   65. Nathan

  [ A ] City trains and buses have different faults to overcome.   [ B ] The efficiency of the city train depends on the size of population.   [ C ] Public transportation is usually more energy-efficient.   [ D ] Private cars usually run at full capacity.   [ E ] No fuel energy is fully used.   [ F ] A combined means of transport can help increase energy efficiency.   [ G ] Problems of energy loss can never be completely solved.   SECTION IV Writing(40 minutes)   Directions:   You should write your responses to both Part A and Part B of this section on ANSWER SHEET 2.   Part A   66. You have read the job advertisement below in a newspaper and you want to apply for the job. Write a letter of application to the manager of the company, Mr. Meed, giving all the necessary personal information. You should write approximately 100 words.   Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter. Use “Wang Lin” instead. You do not need to write the address.   Part B   67. Here is a picture of a traffic accident caused by a man crossing the street in a hurry.Write an essay of approximately 120 words describing the accident and giving your comment on it.

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